Spiritual retreats change feel-good chemical systems in the brain; May prime for spiritual experiences-
PHILADELPHIA (March 23, 2017) — More Americans than ever are turning to spiritual, meditative and religious retreats as a way to reset their daily life and enhance wellbeing. Now, researchers at The Marcus Institute of Integrative Health at Thomas Jefferson University show there are changes in the dopamine and serotonin systems in the brains of retreat participants. The team published their results in Religion, Brain & Behavior.
Research published today examines China’s recent successful economic growth and how this could be applied to help other developing countries grow their economies.
Scientists at Queen Mary University of London (QMUL) are bringing us closer to understanding the musical experience through a novel approach to analysing a common musical effect known as vibrato.
The EU-Canada Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA), recently approved by the European Parliament, will ultimately result in unemployment, inequality and loss of economic efficiency, according to a paper published in the International Journal of Political Economy.
Ichthyosaurs, which are similar-shaped to dolphins and sharks, but are reptiles, swam the seas for millions of years during the Triassic, Jurassic and Cretaceous periods. They were the first, large extinct reptiles brought to the attention of the scientific world.
Regions that voted to leave the European Union (EU) are more likely to feel the detrimental impact on their economic development from Brexit as they have a stronger reliance on EU markets, a new study in Regional Studies finds.
Compact development is often recommended as a way to get people to drive less and create more sustainable communities. However, different studies over the years have yielded different outcomes, leading to a muddled understanding about the true impact of compact development. After using meta-aggression analysis, Mark R. Stevens of the University of British Columbia, concludes that planners should not rely on compact development as their only strategy for reducing driving, as it doesn’t have much of an impact.
This discussion between bell hooks and Cornel West on Black Intellectual Life is more relevant today than ever-
In this provocative and captivating dialogue, bell hooks and Cornel West come together to discuss the dilemmas, contradictions, and joys of Black intellectual life.
Parents (and expectant parents) all want to do the best for their children. They read up on all the latest parenting theories, find the best nurseries and preschools, figure out which foods will promote healthy growth, and vow to avoid making the same "mistakes" other people make—or that their own parents made
Faith-based communities, i.e. churches, can be the starting block for breaking down societal borders, a study published today in Territory, Politics, Governance finds.
Communicating earthquake risk has long been a major challenge for scientists. Yet the right messages at the right time can and will save lives, say U.S. communication scholars in an article published in the Journal of Applied Communication Research, a National Communication Association publication.
Research published today in Environmental Communication suggests that scientists may have more freedom than previously thought to engage in certain forms of climate change advocacy without risking harm to their credibility. The experiment, conducted by researchers at George Mason University’s Center for Climate Change Communication, showed that on five out of six occasions when a fictional scientist made advocacy statements to the public on Facebook, their own and their colleagues credibility was left unharmed.
The study, published in Cogent Psychology, successfully demonstrates for the first time that different parts of the brain are activated when perceiving popular food brands as opposed to organic brands. The new insight marks a breakthrough in the understanding of consumer neuroscience and behaviour, and may ultimately lead to consumers choosing healthier eating options.
Adult and juvenile remains of a giant rodent species (Isostylomys laurdillardi) have been uncovered by researchers, in the Río de la Plata coastal region of southern Uruguay, raising questions about classification within dinomids.
Taylor & Francis Group partner with Royal Statistical Society to sponsor the African Institute for Mathematical Sciences MSc teaching programme-
Taylor & Francis Group announced today it will be working with the Royal Statistical Society (RSS) to sponsor the African Institute for Mathematical Sciences (AIMS) and its MSc teaching programme for a minimum of four years.
The 60th volume of Research-Technology Management, the award-winning journal of the Industrial Research Institute (IRI), begins 2017 with a themed issue “Innovation Management—The State of the Art”.
Thailand has become the first Asian country to eliminate mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV, thanks to a pragmatic multi-sector response backed by strong political commitment and heavy government investment, a study published in Paediatrics and International Child Health reports.
A study has found that fiscal policies introduced by governments in developing countries can have a significant effect on lowering harmful carbon emissions and help counties with fulfilling their commitments under the UNFCCC Paris Agreement.
Four hundred years ago Galileo created a revolution by pointing his telescope to the skies. Now an astrophysicist and an ecologist from Liverpool John Moores University (LJMU) are reversing this perspective to help endangered species including rhinos and orang-utans.
Adults on the autism spectrum see their interests as possible fields of study and career paths, as well as ways to mitigate anxiety, finds a study by NYU’s Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development.
The research, published in the British Trust for Ornithology (BTO) journal Bird Study, looked at the breeding populations of three species of large gull; Herring Gull, Great Black-backed Gull and Lesser Black-backed Gull on the Hebridean island of Canna, and the relationship between these gull populations and the fall in the quantity of fish landed in the nearby harbour of Mallaig.
A study just published in Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics suggests that the quadrivaleent vaccine might bring clinical benefits and cost savings if used on a large scale when compared to the one currently in widest use.
From 2017 onwards, Taylor & Francis will co-publish fifteen of Kamla-Raj Enterprises’ highly regarded journals.
A paper in Journal of Systematic Paleontology, published by Taylor & Francis, reveals the discovery of one of the largest otter species ever found. This discovery was made in the Yunnan Province, Southwestern China, by an international team conducting groundbreaking research into the evolution of a little known fossil genus of the otter family.
The Max Planck Digital Library and Taylor & Francis Group have signed an agreement which enables researchers based in Max Planck institutes to publish open access in 2,390 journals.
1 in 5 young people regularly wake up in the night to send or check messages on social media, according to new research published today in the Journal of Youth Studies.
Sunscreens and moisturizers derived from biological sources such as cyanobacteria could represent a safer alternative to current, synthetically produced cosmetics, research published in the European Journal of Phycology suggests.
Identifying the latest key journal articles and book titles has become even easier with the relaunch of the Taylor & Francis Newsroom. Featuring an easy to navigate page layout and a clean, modern design, essential research can be accessed with just one click.
Environmental DNA (eDNA), the nuclear or mitochondrial DNA shed from an organism into its environment, is a rapidly evolving tool for monitoring the distribution of aquatic species. A new study published in Transactions of the American Fisheries Society discusses the ability of eDNA to accurately predict the presence, relative abundance, and biomass of wild Brook Trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) populations.
“Psychoanalysts were once thought to be experts on sexual issues, but that is less true today. The rift between psychoanalysis and scientific sexology that occurred in the mid-20th century may be partly responsible,” states Mark J. Blechner, PhD, author of “Psychoanalysis and Sexual Issues,” a new article available from Contemporary Psychoanalysis, the official publication of the William Alanson White Institute and the William Alanson White Psychoanalytic Society.
Many people are prone to ‘remembering’ events that never happened, according to new research by the University of Warwick published in Memory.
“End-point bias” is a well-known psychological tendency to interpret a recent short-term fluctuation as a reversal of a long-term trend. A study published in Environment Communication has concluded that end-point bias can be overcome by use of the LIVA – Leveraging-Involving-Visualizing-Analogizing – method, which has the potential to improve decisions made by the public and policy makers.
Policy attention must focus on the large numbers of disadvantaged pupils in poorer quality schools, according to research in a new publication highlighting breakthroughs that have improved student achievement, teaching and school quality.
A new study published in the Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene (JOEH) revealed officers who wore body armor were over twice as likely to survive a shooting.
A new study has revealed how payday lenders use manipulative language and cunning marketing strategies to lure borrowers into exploitative loan agreements. The article, published in Critical Discourse Studies, scrutinizes the techniques employed online by leading payday lender Wonga, which hide the dangerous nature of their loans. Understanding these techniques is essential for financial watchdogs and consumers alike in protecting the vulnerable from predatory lenders.
What are the psychological demands commonly faced by endurance athletes? New research published in the International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology has identified psychological stressors common to endurance athletes across different sports at different performance levels. The article underscores where researchers can make effective recommendations to athletes of all abilities in helping them cope with pervasive psychological difficulties. The new research is therefore an important set of findings for anyone interested in improving performance in endurance sports.
‘The United States does not seek a new cold war with Russia, let alone a hot war.’
The Brexit vote should be understood as ‘a form of social self-protection’ according to leading economist Ann Pettifor. Writing in the journal Globalizations, Pettifor has derided ‘the predatory nature of market fundamentalism’ in which self-regulating markets are left to govern themselves beyond the control of democratic regulations. Voting for Brexit, Pettifor argues, was a rejection of the ‘religion’ of the ‘dominant liberal finance narrative’ by the people that market fundamentalism has left behind.
A new article exploring how to make research methods from different disciplines work together has been published in Cultural Trends. The article’s recommendations are based on the experience of organizing an enormous multidisciplinary project, Dementia and Imagination. With an emphasis on multidisciplinary research growing in the academy and social policy alike, this new article offers valuable insight to researchers and teams involved in collaborations between different specialisms.
Recent research in Journalism Practice has revealed a steady disparity between the numbers of male and female experts on British flagship TV and radio news. Despite a prevalence of female authority figures in Britain, authors Lis Howell and Jane B. Singer found that women were outnumbered by four to one.
Education and counselling are key to improving the lives of Syrian girls in Jordanian refugee camps, according to a new study. Writing in the journal Pathogens and General Health, three current and former experts at the United Nations Population Fund outline the dire situation in which many young women in the Zaatari Camp find themselves.
How ‘supercommuters’ – workers who commute for more than one or two hours, multiple times a week – cope with the regular journeys they undertake is highlighted in a study published in Mobilities.
With human population set to reach 9 billion by 2050, eating insects is gaining attention as a possible way to feed the world. A paper published in the Journal of Apicultural Research shows how honey bee brood – the larvae and pupae of drones – has great potential as a food source.
Scientists have warned that high hopes for the success of the Paris Agreement could be dashed if lessons aren’t learnt from the challenges and experiences of climate monitoring in Europe.
A new study published in the Journal of Youth Studies highlights a need for practitioners to discuss with teenagers safe ways to engage in so-called 'sexting', the sending of self-made, sexually explicit images sent via mobile phone or computers. The research uncovers a disparity between gendered perceptions of sexting, and what the perceived risks and consequences are.
Can search engines save lives? Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich researchers are working on an approach which would enable search engines to more effectively identify users who are at risk of suicide and provide them with information on where to find help.
What makes some young adults behave in ways that have the potential to harm themselves or those around them? Many studies have examined the complex psychology of financial risk-taking, but new research from Cogent Economics & Finance suggests that financial risk-taking in young adults, including going into debt or breaking the law, could be rooted in their childhood relationships with parents.
Climate change is one of the most pressing concerns of the 21st century. But when it comes to tackling climate change, a new study from Cogent Economics & Finance exploring the benefits of carbon flux monitoring is a timely reminder that setting targets is just the beginning.
Taylor & Francis Group and the Urban Affairs Association (UAA) are pleased to announce a new publishing partnership. Beginning with the 2017 Volume, Taylor & Francis will publish and distribute UAA's highly regarded journal, the Journal of Urban Affairs (JUA), under the Routledge imprint.
Brexit could have serious consequences for bees and bee scientists.
New research in Science and Technology of Advanced Materials discovers that nanoscale manipulation on the surface of materials could stimulate cells to differentiate into specific tissues – eliminating the use of growth or transcription factors.
A new study has found that men have positive attitudes towards an innovative male contraceptive, Vasalgel. The landmark study, published in Cogent Medicine, is the first insight into how men perceive the new contraceptive.
How do works of fantasy fiction – such as J.K Rowling’s Harry Potter series and Philip Pullman’s His Dark Materials trilogy – represent and mediate religion? This is the central question addressed by Laura Feldt’s new study published by Religion.
Men who have worked night shifts for more than twenty years, or who work night shifts without daytime napping, or sleep for more than ten hours per night on average may have an increased risk of cancer, according to a study published in Annals of Medicine.
The Council for the Humanities, Arts and Social Sciences (CHASS) has announced the publication of a new book to showcase the significant contribution made by Australian academics to the fields of Humanities, Arts and Social Sciences (HASS). Humanities, Arts and Social Sciences: It’s everyone’s business published on behalf of CHASS by Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, was launched at a celebratory dinner at RMIT University in Melbourne to honour distinguished achievements in Australian research.
How vital is it for leaders in modern business to be ‘socially responsible’? Can business ethics influence quality management? Recent open access research from Cogent Business & Management identifies key parallels between quality management and the importance of taking socially responsible steps in business.
How local conditions and circumstances in the former coal town of Doncaster have led to the creation of post-industrial identities is the subject of a fascinating new study in the journal History & Anthropology.
Former UK-Iran Ambassador: Iran must have proper access to international financial system to save nuclear deal-
Sir Richard Dalton, former UK Ambassador to Iran, has called for the international community to give Iran fuller access to the international banking and financial systems.
More than 50% of Americans now have at least one chronic health condition, mental disorder or substance-use issue-
With the future of US healthcare likely to rest on the next presidency, a new study from Psychology, Health & Medicine highlights just how complex the medical needs of many Americans now are.
Looking at pictures of natural vulvas in a range of shapes and sizes could help improve women’s satisfaction with their own genitalia, even those with a relatively positive genital self-image, according to new research published in the Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics & Gynecology.
Obesity and dieting are increasingly common in contemporary society, and many dieters struggle to lose excess weight. A new research paper, by Chen et al in Cognitive Neuroscience, studied the connections between the executive control and reward systems in the brain, and discovered the ability to self-regulate a healthy body weight may be dependent on individual brain structure.
The intersection of nanotechnology and green chemistry presents an excellent opportunity to ensure that both fields can learn from each other, argues John C. Warner in Green Chemistry and Letters.
An increase in the frequency of polymorphic variants among infertile patients compared with fertile donors suggest they have an impact on fertility.
Taylor & Francis Group and the Council for Higher Education Accreditation (CHEA) are pleased to announce the publication of an open letter to the presidential nominees from Change: The Magazine of Higher Learning entitled “Higher Education, The Road to American Success: An Open Letter to the Presidential Nominees” written by George Pernsteiner and Rebecca Martin.
Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy is committed to updates on a quarterly basis providing both newly commissioned articles alongside revisions to older content. Providing fifty-four new or updated articles in the past year Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy is the most updated product on the market today.
A recent study by investigators at the National Institute of Diabetes, Digestive and Kidney Diseases at the National Institutes of Health measured how much artificial sweetener is absorbed into the blood stream by children and adults after drinking a can of diet soda.
Pre-treating the fabric surface of the bandages used to treat burns with enzymes and polyethylene glycol or cellulase may promote the adhesion of antibacterial nanoparticles and improve their bacteria-repelling ability.
Understanding the factors that impact on brain development and brain function in musicians can empower music teachers to unlock each learner’s full potential, a new study published in Muziki: Journal of Music Research in Africa suggests.
Recent research in Culture, Health & Sexuality establishes a link between levels of homophobic discrimination and depression, substance abuse and HIV vulnerability in gay men.
Taylor & Francis, one of the world’s leading publishers of scholarly content, today announced its partnership with publishing technology company, ReadCube. Through ReadCube’s Discover service, over four million Taylor & Francis journal articles and book chapters are now indexed and discoverable across ReadCube’s platform. By incorporating popular features from Taylor & Francis Online with those of ReadCube’s reference management tools, scholars will enjoy a more immersive and productive research experience.
Donald Trump’s rise to Republican Presidential Nominee has raised important questions regarding the media’s relationship with political institutions and candidates. In “How the News Media Helped to Nominate Trump” Julia R. Azari offers valuable insight into how news media has come to work within, not against, the political institutions that shape nominations. This article is part of The Forum - a new section of Political Communication centered on dynamic scholarly review of books, articles, and ideas of importance to researchers, journalists, students, and the public.
A unique first-hand account of the negotiations leading to the Iran nuclear deal has been published by the former French Prime Minister, Laurent Fabius, in The Washington Quarterly. The article unflinchingly discloses the innermost workings of one of the most important agreements of international diplomacy of the new millennium.
In a study published in Pathogens and Global Health, researchers have modelled the evolutionary development and diversity of the Zika virus to better understand how infection spreads between populations and how the virus reacts with the immune system. Such an understanding is essential if an effective vaccine is to be developed.
A high-dose vaccine was shown to be more effective in preventing influenza in Canadian seniors compared to the standard-dose injection.
An article published in the Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene (JOEH) that examines long-term health effects suffered by emergency responders indicates that “ramp-up” alert tones can help reduce stress on firefighters.
The latest update for The Routledge Encyclopedia of Modernism (REM) contains over 300 new articles especially commissioned for the resource alongside thiry-five new images. Each article has been sourced but our team of subject editors, led by General Editor Associate Professor Stephen Ross (President of the Modernist Studies Association).
A global survey, funded by the World Psychiatric Association (WPA), of laws and policies in 193 United Nations (UN) member states reveals the level of discrimination faced by people with mental illness in the areas of marriage, voting rights employment and right to contract.
Megalolamna paradoxodon is the name of a new extinct shark described by an international research team who based their discovery on fossilized teeth up to 4.5 centimeters (1.8 inches) tall found from the eastern and western United States (California and North Carolina), Peru and Japan. The new study, "A new elusive otodontid shark (Lamniformes: Otodontidae) from the lower Miocene, and comments on the taxonomy of otodontid genera, including the 'megatoothed' clade,” will appear in the forthcoming issue of the international scientific journal, Historical Biology and online on October 3.
Eating bread made with ancient grains as part of a healthy diet could help lower cholesterol and blood glucose levels—leading risk factors for heart attack and stroke—according to new research published in the International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition.
A study published in Political Communication has found that knowledge of candidates gained by watching televised debates is compromised by simultaneous use of social media.
Weatherwise Magazine's has chosen their 2016 Photo Conest winner.
New research in Science and Technology of Advanced Materials discovers that molybdenum silicides can improve the efficiency of turbine blades and reduce fuel consumption
It might seem that equal rights have come a long way, but how far are we from true diversity and equality? New research by Cardiff Univeristy's Marysia Zalewski in the International Feminist Journal of Politics broaches the issue of endemic discrimination by looking at the all too common phenomena of ‘all male panels’.
Routledge Historical Resources: History of Feminism features primary sources digitised for the first time-
The first digital resource to launch as part of Routledge Historical Resources, History of Feminism is a curated collection of primary and secondary resources from the Taylor and Francis collection relating to the long Nineteenth Century of feminism (1776-1928).
A new article confirms sucralose does not cause cancer and is safe to ingest.
Many of the tourists now flocking to see Australia’s Great Barrier Reef (GBR) are hoping to ‘see it before it’s gone’ – in the latest example of what’s come to be known as ‘Last Chance Tourism (LCT)’. Annah Piggott-McKellar and Karen McNamara from the University of Queensland (Australia) explain the concept of ‘LCT’ in the current issue of the Journal of Sustainable Tourism.
Plants will play a critical role in the survival of human beings on long-duration space missions, such as a mission to Mars. However, as a paper published in Botany Letters shows, many challenges need to be addressed if astronauts are to successfully grow enough food on board spacecraft and on other planets.
The memoir has long formed an important part of politicians’ careers, no more so when they are positioning themselves for a run to the highest level of office. A new review of Hillary Clinton’s two political memoirs reveal a common theme of Clinton’s guardedness – which may mirror how she is perceived more generally as a politician in the forthcoming U.S. presidential election. The authors discuss their findings in a new study published in the Quarterly Journal of Speech, a National Communication Association journal.
Voters’ hopes and fears about globalization were a key factor in June’s vote for ‘Brexit’ – and will continue to challenge the political establishment for years to come, according to a new study.
The first study to systematically explore beliefs about animal afterlife by asking a national sample of Americans has been published in the journal Anthrozoös. It investigated how demographic categories can have a considerable influence on beliefs about animal afterlife. With around 70% of US households owning pets, the study marks a new insight into a largely unexplored area of American spirituality.
Inland fisheries managers are using a new approach for understanding and managing ecosystems across larger scales.
A new approach to behavior change which has been shown to successfully change hygiene, nutrition and exercise-related behaviors is described in a paper published in Health Psychology Review.
‘Celebrities care but politicians have an agenda’: what young people think about how others use social media-
How celebrities and politicians engage young people through social media – as well as what those young people think of their efforts – is the subject of a new report in the Journal of Youth Studies.
Birdlife Australia and Taylor & Francis Group are pleased to announce a new publishing partnership. Beginning with the 2017 volume, Taylor & Francis will publish and distribute Birdlife Australia’s highly regarded journal, Emu – Austral Ornithology.
It’s that time of year again, when students old and new are heading to university. Certain behaviors might be expected in the coming months, drinking in particular. Drinking is widespread among student populations, whether for social enrichment or the need to conform.
Effect of Different Meditation Types on Migraine Headache Medication Use, an article recently published in Behavioral Medicine, examines whether or not, and to what extent, a combination of spiritual meditation and migraine medication affects analgesic medication usage.
Carbon nanotubes show potential, but also many challenges, for the manufacture of flexible, wearable electronics, according to a research review in Science and Technology of Advanced Materials.
Globally, about 42 million people now have dementia, with Alzheimer’s disease as the most common type of dementia. Rates of Alzheimer’s disease are rising worldwide. The most important risk factors seem to be linked to diet, especially the consumption of meat, sweets, and high-fat dairy products that characterize a Western Diet. For example, when Japan made the nutritional transition from the traditional Japanese diet to the Western diet, Alzheimer’s disease rates rose from 1% in 1985 to 7% in 2008, with rates lagging the nutrition transition by 20-25 years. The evidence of these risk factors, which come from ecological and observational studies, also shows that fruits, vegetables, grains, low-fat dairy products, legumes, and fish are associated with reduced risk. “Using Multicountry Ecological and Observational Studies to Determine Dietary Risk Factors for Alzheimer's Disease,” a review article from the Journal of the American College of Nutrition presents the data.
The treatment of concussions and traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a clinical challenge. Clinical studies thus far have failed to identify an effective treatment strategy when a combination of targets controlling aspects of neuroprotection, neuroinflammation, and neuroregeneration is needed. According to emerging science and clinical experience, aggressive intake of omega-3 fatty acids (n-3FA) seems to be beneficial to TBI, concussion, and post-concussion syndrome patients. This research is presented in "Concussions, Traumatic Brain Injury, and the Innovative Use of Omega-3s", a review article from the Journal of the American College of Nutrition, official publication of the American College of Nutrition.
The increasing proportion of the population who prefer to remain childless is a major social problem for many European countries. However this trend has not (so far) been the result of the expansion of education. This is the conclusion of new research, published in the journal Population Studies.