The battle between Gypsies, Travellers and the settled community over how land can be used has moved to the Green Belt, observes Peter Kabachnik of the City University of New York.
Writing in the Journal of Cultural Geography, Kabachnik notes that the current shortage of authorised caravan sites has led to one-third of the country’s nomadic population having no ‘legal place to live’. As a result, many travellers purchase, settle on and often get evicted from Green Belt land.
He observes: “These choices make Gypsies highly visible, as the land they are asserting their right to is more valuable, both economically and aesthetically, than the stopping places that were once more commonly used.”
These choices can also lead to conflict, but they demonstrate an increased sense of ‘agency’ among the travelling community, too; with few other options, many nomads are now challenging and resisting established norms and power relations ‘one caravan pitch at a time’.
To understand the travelling community’s experiences, Kabachnik conducted dozens of interviews. Here he draws heavily on the account of the extended ‘Jones’ family whose legal disputes with the council after developing a Green Belt site without permission – and subsequent evictions – are described in great detail. With 90% of planning applications made by Gypsies and Travellers denied in the first instance as opposed to 20% of those from the settled community, many families now own land they cannot live on.
Kabachnik argues that both more legal caravan sites and changes in the law are needed to reduce tensions between the settled and travelling communities. Since 1994, the travelling way of life has essentially been criminalised in England and Wales.
He concludes: “The laws and its application serve to structure nomad-sedentary relations, and the current legal sedentarist regime constructs those relations as adversarial … As it stands, racist hostility is enabled, produced and fuelled by the illegal status of Gypsies and travellers. The fact that Gypsies and Travellers are technically breaking the law legitimizes the fervent intolerance of many English townspeople.”
Traditionally seen as out of place in the city but also now not wanted in the countryside, many nomads are fighting for more than just the right to a home; they’re also fighting for a ‘right to a place’. Kabachnik’s study offers a unique perspective on this fight: that of the nomads themselves, not the media or local residents determined to drive them out, wherever they are.
NOTE TO JOURNALISTS
When referencing the article: Please include Journal title, author, published by Taylor & Francis and the following statement:
* Read the full article online:http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/08873631.2014.941140
The Foundation and Future of Instructional Communication
Communication Education, one of the National Communication Association’s 11 scholarly journals, is celebrating the association’s 100th anniversary with a special issue devoted to the foundation and future of the study of communication in the classroom. The issue is dedicated to James C. McCroskey, whose seven-decade career and prolific writing made him one of the most well-known teachers in the Communication discipline.
“Teaching was a primary interest among early Communication scholars,” said Ann Bainbridge Frymier, Associate Dean of the Graduate School at Miami University and guest editor of the special issue. “The Communication discipline has grown to encompass many contexts, topics, methodologies, and paradigms, but it has always maintained its focus on teaching.”
The special issue includes retrospectives on research published since the journal’s launch in 1952, when it was known as The Speech Teacher, as well as forward-looking articles that present new areas for Communication scholars to explore. Articles include:
- Virtual Invisibility: Race and Communication Education
- When Disgruntled Students Go to Extremes: The Cyberbullying of Instructors
- Securing the Future of Communication Education: Advancing an Advocacy and Research Agenda for the 21st Century
- Perspectives on Instructional Communication's Historical Path to the Future
- Inception: Beginning a New Conversation about Communication Pedagogy and Scholarship
“NCA’s members spend a significant portion of their professional lives in the classroom,” said Nancy Kidd, NCA Executive Director. “This special issue celebrates the centrality of teaching to the Communication discipline and is an excellent resource for young scholars and veteran teachers alike.”
Access this Special Issue and read selected featured articles for free until the end of December 2014.
We’re embracing change say young researchers in latest analysis
As another successful Open Access Week passes, analysis released today reveals younger researchers are embracing change in scholarly communication. Just under 8,000 researchers from around the world responded to the 2014 Taylor & Francis Open Access Survey, giving their views on everything from the benefits of open access to licence preferences, peer review to the future of academic publishing. The overall results showed that whilst positivity was growing, uncertainty remained. But among the youngest respondents this uncertainty seems to be diminishing, as they embrace open access and the different options that are now available to them when they publish their research.
Those in the 20-29 year old age group were most likely to agree that open access journals have a larger readership than subscription journals (58% either strongly agreed or agreed with this statement) and that open access journals are more heavily cited. Across all other age groups agreement with these statements decreased with age, with just 15% of those who were 70 or over expressing the same level of agreement on citations. Authors in their sixties and seventies offered the opposite opinion to those in their twenties, being the least likely to agree that open access publication increased readership and citations, and most likely to agree with the statement that there is ‘no fundamental benefit to open access’.
Researchers were also asked to state their preference on different types of peer review, from rigorous peer review to post-publication review. Those in their twenties were least inclined to say ‘a rigorous assessment of the merit and novelty of their article’ is ‘always’ a suitable form of peer review for their research, and showed the most support for ‘accelerated peer review with fewer rounds of revision’, with 48% saying this would be always, or nearly always, acceptable for their work. Authors in their sixties showed the highest preference for rigorous peer review, although the number selecting ‘always’ (39%) was only 5% above the average for all age groups.
And what of their future intentions on publishing gold or green open access? Younger authors are consistently the highest proportion of any age group saying they would choose to publish their work open access, whether gold (37%) or green (51%). When it comes to being mandated to publish open access though, those in their twenties were the most unsure, with 61% unclear on whether they would be mandated to publish gold open access in the future.
But challenging current forms of scholarly communication only went so far for those who responded, with just one in ten believing that academic papers would no longer be the main output of research in ten years’ time. This remained static across all age groups. Of those who thought there might be a future alternative, the respondents suggested everything from interactive multimedia to blogging, greater use of repositories to more applied research, social media to the continued rise of open access. It seems the future is very much up for debate.
Note to editors
For the full survey: http://www.tandfonline.com/page/openaccess/opensurvey/2014
Response base was 7,936 in 2014 (9% response rate).
6% were in 20-29 age group
28%: 30 – 39 age group
27%: 40-49 age group
22%: 50-59 age group
13% 60-69 age group
3% were 70 or over
US and Canada were the largest group of respondents (38%). Authors based in Europe were the second largest group (32%).
For more information please contact:
Elaine Devine, Communications Manager (Author Relations),
Taylor & Francis Group
Tel: 07827 993760 / 020 7551 9181