17th October 2018
Income and wealth affect the mental health of Australians, study shows
*Reposted with permission on behalf of Curtin University*
Australians who have higher incomes and greater wealth are more likely to experience better mental health throughout their lives, new research led by the Bankwest Curtin Economics Centre has found.
The research, published in the journal Health Sociology Review, examined data from the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) Survey and found both income and wealth were associated with people’s perception of economic security and a range of mental health outcomes, but had no bearing on physical health.
Lead author Dr Garth Kendall, from the Faculty of Health Sciences at Curtin University, said previous research suggested that those with higher incomes had better health and lived longer at a population level.
“There is ample evidence that inequalities in income, such as employment, business, investments and allowances, and net wealth, such as housing, superannuation and financial equities, are increasing in both high and low income countries throughout the world,” Dr Kendall said.
“We wanted to determine whether the socio-economic gap seen in many health outcomes in high-income countries, such as Australia, is best explained by differences in individuals’ perceived economic security as determined by their levels of income and wealth.
“We found that income and wealth both influenced mental health, but a person’s perception of their economic security is better explained by income than wealth. This is because income can be used to purchase goods and services to fund consumption on a day-to-day basis, which is more likely to affect one’s perception of economic security on a day-to-day basis.”
Dr Kendall said policies that seek to reduce unequal access to opportunities to earn income and wealth would likely reduce the socio-economic gap in health that currently exists globally in both low and high-income countries.
“Further research is needed to evaluate the role of economic security in physical health outcomes. Our findings are likely due to the fact that many of the participants were not at an age where they would experience symptoms,” Dr Kendall said.
“For this reason, we have suggested the use of biomarkers, used to measure biological processes, in future research to measure an individual’s underlying pathology as a more sophisticated measure of health.”
The research analysed data from the HILDA (Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia) Survey, which started in 2001 and follows the lives of more than 17,000 Australians each year, limiting their analysis to 2002, 2006 and 2010.
The research, funded by the Bankwest Curtin Economics Centre, was co-authored by Mr Ha Nguyen from the Bankwest Curtin Economics Centre and Professor Rachel Ong ViforJ from the School of Economics, Finance and Property at Curtin University.
About Curtin University
Curtin University is Western Australia’s largest univesity, with more than 56,000 students. Of these, about 26 per cent are international students. The University’s main campus is in Bentley near the Perth CBD. Curtin also has a major regional campus in Kalgoorlie in addition to four global campuses in Malaysia, Singapore, Dubai and Mauritius.
Curtin is ranked in the top one per cent of universities worldwide, with the University placed in the top 200 globally and 9th in Australia according to the Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU) 2018.
The University has built a reputation around innovation and an entrepreneurial spirit, being at the forefront of many high-profile research projects in astronomy, biosciences, economics, mining and information technology. It is also recognised globally for its strong connections with industry, and for its commitment to preparing students for the jobs of the future.
The research titled, ‘The association between income, wealth, economic security perception, and health: a longitudinal Australian study,’ can be found online here: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14461242.2018.1530574
For further information, visit curtin.edu.au
Lauren Sydoruk, Media Consultant, Media Relations, Curtin University
Tel: (08) 9266 4241 Mobile: 0401 103 373 Email: [email protected]
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